# GATE (TF) Textile 2014 Question Paper Solution | GATE/2014/TF/20

###### Question 20 (Textile Engineering & Fibre Science)

With an increase in gauge length, the tenacity of a spun yarn would

Option B

### Is gauge length the original length?

In textile testing, the gauge length refers to the length of the fabric sample or specimen that is used for mechanical testing, such as tensile strength or elongation measurements. It is a critical parameter that is defined as the distance between two points on the fabric where the test is conducted, and it is typically specified in the testing standards or methods being followed.
The gauge length in textile testing is carefully chosen to ensure that the test results are representative of the fabric’s mechanical properties, while also taking into account factors such as fabric construction, stretch, and the intended end-use of the textile product. It is typically measured in units such as inches or centimeters.
The gauge length in textile testing may vary depending on the specific testing standard, method, or equipment being used, as well as the type of fabric being tested. For example, in tensile strength testing, the gauge length may be defined as the distance between the jaws of the testing machine that grip the fabric specimen, while in elongation testing, the gauge length may be defined as the distance over which the fabric is stretched or deformed.
Accurate measurement and control of the gauge length is essential in textile testing to ensure consistent and reliable results, as it can significantly impact the measured mechanical properties of the fabric. It is important to carefully follow the testing standard or method being used to determine the appropriate gauge length for a specific textile testing procedure.

### What is tenacity and examples?

Tenacity in textiles refers to the measure of a textile material’s strength and durability, particularly in relation to its ability to resist breaking or stretching under applied forces. It is a key mechanical property that is used to evaluate the performance and quality of textile materials.
Tenacity is typically measured in terms of force per unit area, usually expressed in units such as grams per denier (g/d) or cN/tex (centinewtons per tex). Denier is a unit of linear density that represents the mass in grams per 9,000 meters of fiber, while tex is a unit of linear density that represents the mass in grams per 1,000 meters of fiber. Higher tenacity values indicate higher strength and durability in textile materials.
Tenacity is affected by various factors, including the type of fiber or yarn used, the fiber/yarn production process, the fabric construction, and the environmental conditions in which the textile material is used. For example, high-performance fibers such as aramids, carbon fibers, and high-strength synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon, tend to exhibit higher tenacity compared to natural fibers like cotton or wool.
The tenacity of a textile material is an important consideration in many textile applications, such as in automotive and aerospace industries, military and protective gear, ropes and cords, and other technical textiles where high strength and durability are required. Tenacity is often measured through standardized testing methods, such as tensile strength testing, where a fabric or fiber specimen is subjected to controlled forces until it breaks or deforms, and the tenacity is calculated based on the maximum force sustained before failure.