Question 30 (Textile Engineering & Fibre Science)
Milling is associated with the processing of
Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs
What is milling cloth?
Milling cloth is a process used to create a dense, compact, and uniform fabric by subjecting it to mechanical and chemical treatments. This process is also known as fulling or felting.
In the milling process, the fabric is washed and treated with soap or other alkaline solutions to remove any dirt, oils, or other impurities. The fabric is then subjected to mechanical pressure and friction by being pounded, rolled, or rubbed together. This mechanical treatment causes the fibers in the fabric to interlock and mat together, creating a tighter, denser fabric with a softer texture.
The milling process can be done by hand or by machine. Historically, milling cloth was done by hand using large wooden hammers or rollers. Today, machines are used for the milling process, which can be more efficient and consistent in producing the desired fabric texture.
Milling cloth is commonly used to produce woolen fabrics, such as tweeds and flannels, but it can also be used for other fabrics, including cotton and silk. The milling process can give fabrics a range of textures, from smooth and fine to coarse and rugged, depending on the type of fabric and the milling process used. The resulting fabric is often more durable, water-resistant, and warm, making it suitable for a range of applications, including clothing, upholstery, and blankets.